Pride - fun facts you didn't know
With June being the official LGBTQ+ Pride month, we are bringing you top 10 fun and interesting facts that you probably didn’t know.
1. June is the month that commemorates the Stonewall riots of June 1969. On 28th June 1969, the NYC police raided the Stonewall Inn, a well known gay club in Greenwich Village in New York City. This sparked a series of protests and violent clashes in various bars and neighbourhoods in town, which served as a catalyst for gay rights movement across the world.
2. Bisexual rights activist Brenda Howard is considered the “Mother of Pride” as she first coordinated Liberation March on Christopher Street on 28th June 1970, exactly a year after the riot incident. She came up with the idea of a week-long Pride Festival with parades, rallies and dance parties, which has been kept since.
3. Throughout the years, the Pride name has changed from the initial Gay Liberation March to Gay Freedom March and with the cultural shift in the 80’s, these events started to adopt the name Gay Pride, now often just “Pride”.
4. The Rainbow Flag, the international symbol of LGBTQ+ community, was designed by Gilbert Baker in 1978. It used to be comprised of 8 colours, which were later cut down to six - red, orange, yellow, green, blue and violet (removing hot pink and integrating turquoise and indigo into royal blue).
5. Every colour on the flag has its meaning:
Red = life
Orange = healing
Yellow = sunlight
Green = nature
Blue = harmony
Violet = spirit
6. Baker also led the creation of a mile-long Rainbow Flag to celebrate the 25th anniversary of the Stonewall riots in 1994, which for a number of years became the world’s largest flag.
7. The Greek Lambda symbol was commonly used as the symbol of the gay rights before the rainbow flag as it was the sign of Gay Activist Alliance.
8. The LGBT communities in Europe have been celebrating the pan-European Europride since 1992. It is hosted by a different city every year, this year the event took place in Vienna and Thessaloniki will be the home for 2020.
9. South Africa is home to the only Pride on the African continent and holds annual marches in Johannesburg and Cape Town.
10. Aside from Pride, Dyke Marches are also held in various cities around the world. Dedicated to lesbians, they usually take place on the eve of Pride. They were first organised by Lesbian Avengers in New York City in 1993.
Are you celebrating Pride? How many facts did (not) surprise you?